The principles guiding all of OHO’s projects are summarised in a model for global community health, titled Holistic Primary Health Care or HPHC.
Four of the most important international declarations to have emerged in the modern era, together form the principles of HPHC – integrating interdependence of human rights, community health, ecological harmony, and the necessity of multi-sectoral integrative approaches to world health.
HPHC is built upon the following three pillars, offering a broad and holistic view of global health.
- The Humanitarian Pillar based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) – the rights of the individual in relation to health.
- The Healthcare Pillar based on the Alma Ata Declaration of Primary Health Care (1978) –the rights of
communities in relation to health.
- The Ecological Pillar based on the Earth Charter (2000) –the rights and importance of the environment in relation to health. It rests upon the following platform:
- The Integrative approach platform based on the Beijing Declaration on Traditional Medicine (2008) upholds the value of holistic medical practices and the importance of their integration with the existing healthcare services.
The Humanitarian Pillar based on the rights based approach is drawn from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), representing the basic and inalienable right of an individual to health. The rights based approach to health care also strongly emphasizes the importance of equality of access, and insures that those with greatest need are able to participate in quality health care programs.
The Healthcare Pillar based on the Declaration of Alma-Ata (1978), adopted at the First International Conference on Primary Health Care, emphasises the importance of community involvement in the provision of healthcare. Community is recognized as the essential voice in matters of its health, living conditions and wellbeing. Healthcare should be directed, implemented and overseen in close consultation with the community at large.
The Ecological Pillar is based on The Earth Charter , a United Nations initiative. As the creation of health at an individual and community level is inseparable from the creation of healthy global ecologies, the values of ecological sustainability form the third pillar of a holistic approach to primary health care. A holistic approach to primary health care must acknowledge the link between health and the total environment, and also seek to approach human ecologies, both individual and collective, with a deep recognition of their complex and dynamic nature.
The Integrative approach platform of HPHC is based on the historic Beijing Declaration at the first International Congress on Traditional Medicine. The declaration formally called upon all governments to integrate holistic and Traditional Medicine into their national health care systems acknowledging that it has played an important role in meeting the demands of primary health care in many developing countries.
One Health Organisation enacts these principles to achieve its goal of ‘Health For All’. We hope that other organisations around the globe will also use them for their health care initiatives.